What to eat in Vietnam – from Saigon to Hanoi


Vietnamese food ranks pretty up there among my favorite ethnic food. But eating out in Vietnam, and just pretty much like a lot of things in Vietnam for us, turned out to be an adventurous affair. Especially if you’re a picky eater like me.

With the combination of Vietnamese tonal language (which makes it bloody hard to learn even the simplest phrase) and lack of English among Vietnamese, it’s wise to hone up your miming (and drawing) skills before hitting the sidewalk for food.

Vietnamese sidewalk eatery Sidewalk eatery in Vietnam

Food was everywhere on the streets of Vietnam. Everywhere in the morning you see people sitting on little stools slurping on a bowl of noodle to the point that you couldn’t tell whether it was a small street eatery, or just a family enjoying a bowl of noodle together for breakfast on their doorstep.

So you go there and you’ve made sure you learned the word for a bowl of chicken noodle soup which was ‘pho ga’ – and what you want to ask was of course ‘Can I get a bowl of soup, please?’ But the way they look at you afterwards sometimes makes you wander if you’ve just asked to borrow the underwear they’re wearing.

(Although that’s probably what you’d look like if you’re having breakfast in front of your house and someone starts muttering intelligible things while pointing at your breakfast)

And of course it’s a lot trickier if what you’re actually trying to say was ‘Does it have chicken in it? I’m a vegetarian. Maybe you can make it without meat?’

(Yeah, good luck with that.)

Regardless, even though street food proved to be a challenge for me, we still managed to eat our way up the coast of Vietnam – from Saigon in the South to Hanoi in the North.

Which goes to show how finding good food in Vietnam, is really not that big of a problem after all.

What to eat in Vietnam – Here are some of our favorite Vietnamese food

Pho – the national food of Vietnam. A brothy bowl of rice noodle served with bean sprouts, basil and lime. Add a dash of plum sauce and spicy Sriracha sauce for full effect. Chicken and beef are the most common. The vegetarian version can be found in bigger chains such as Pho 24 and FYI, Pho 2000 in Saigon that serves the best vegetarian pho I’ve ever had.

Vegetarian Pho
Vegetarian Pho from Pho 2000, Saigon

Bánh mì – if Pho is the national food, Banh Mi should be the national snack. Stands selling these Vietnamese sandwiches can be found on a lot of street corners. The meat version can be filled with liver pate, meat, canned sardines, stringy pork floss, etc. The vegetarian version comes with fried egg and cheese – eaten with a dash of homemade mayo, pickled carrot, and cilantro – all wrapped in crunchy and airy French baguette. SO GOOD! And for less than $1, it’s definitely our snack of choice.

Banh Mi, Vietnam
Banh Mi and the mean Banh Mi cart lady - Saigon

Mi Quang – this Da Nang region specialty consists of flat rice noodle served with boiled eggs, meat, shrimp, and basil leaves with just enough broth to keep the noodle wet. The addition of peanut and crackers distinguish this dish from other Vietnamese noodle dishes.

Mi Quang, Vietnam
Mi Quang

Banh Bao Vac, or White Rose – a type of shrimp dumpling wrapped in a translucent skin, also a Hoi An region specialty. Qualities vary so much, but we found that we like those with flavorful broth, extra crunchy fried onions, and thinner, less doughy skin.

White Rose, Hoi An
White Rose from Cafe Bobo, Hoi An

Cao Lao – Apparently real Cao Lao can only be found in Hoi An because real Cao Lao noodle can only be made from the water from a well in Hoi An. Well, I’m not sure if any of the Cao Lao we ate in Hoi An was the real Cao Lao, but they were all good (at least that’s what my brother said): thick chewy noodle, pork slices, crunchies, in a light pork-based broth. Simplicity at its best.

Cao Lao in Hoi An, Vietnam
Cao Lao in Hoi An, Vietnam

Bia Hoi – places selling Bia Hoi, or locally made draught beer, are abound in Hanoi. Sipping on these 50 cent beer while munching on pumpkin seeds, and sitting shoulder to shoulder with the locals are a fun way to spend an evening. Don’t expect too much of the beer – Biere Larue is the less watery of the bunch, we think.

Bia Hoi street corner
Bia Hoi fueled street corner cafe

Some useful Vietnamese food-related keywords to learn:
Cơm: rice
Mì, Bún, and Phở: different types of noodles
Bò: beef
Gà: chicken
Cá: fish

Many a night we’d stroll through the old town of Saigon or Hanoi among hundreds of diners taking their place on the sidewalk, taking a peek at what everyone is eating and it made us realise that Vietnam is truly a paradise for those who are gastronomically adventurous (snake wine, anyone?).

My brother was delighted. But as for the vegetarian in me, I was secretly glad we were heading back to Thailand afterwards.

Valuable Resources

  • Atlas Obscura: An Explorer's Guide to the World's Hidden Wonders, for those who love anything weird and offbeat.
  • Resource Toolbox: How I find cheap flights, accommodations, and other travel hacks.

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16 Replies to “What to eat in Vietnam – from Saigon to Hanoi”

  1. Great post, looking forward to eating our way through the coastal route on our trip. We have a place near home that has some good Banh mi. This is still the only Asian 'sandwich' I have ever encountered, interesting mix of cultures.

  2. Last night we decided to eat in a road corner with a lot of plastic stools(as the tables) and super tiny stools (smaller than those in my kindergarten). The place was jam pack with local young people. It was obviously an eatery, but yeah, the lady gave me a total stink eye when I asked about the food "What?? You want to eat?? Here?? Really??" Just kidding, I have no idea what she said to me. But yeah, as if I was asking about underwear 🙂

    It was delicious. Black noodle soup with chicken (looks like soupy ayam kecap with mie instant)

  3. I love Vietnam food!!!! Not as much as Indian, but it's quite up there. Nothing better than a bowl of pho in winter time!

  4. Drinking Bia Hoi on the street was one of my favourite memories from Hanoi! Delicious post with some great food pics 😉

  5. I have nearly no experience with Vietnamese. It seems like everywhere I have lived (and I haven't traveled there) didn't have enough Vietnamese expats to have a restaurant. It looks good, just not so sure about all the use of bean sprouts. I'll either need to eat around them or just pick them off I guess. Thanks for sharing the pictures, what a remarkable diversity.

    1. That sucks! We live in an area that has a lot of authentic Vietnamese restaurants – which made us regret not to study up beforehand since knowing the name of our favorite dishes in Vietnames would make eating out in Vietnam a great deal easier.

  6. Vietnamese food was our favorite food around the world. I love the freshness and lightness of it all. We also had some fantastic clay pot pork dishes which were more stewy. Thanks for taking me back!

  7. What in the world is stringy pork floss?? 😛 We're excited to try all the food in Vietnam, though the strange meat options do make us a little nervous. A few nights ago we had a chicken dish that seemed to mostly include joints and tendons and gristle, which was… interesting. I'm a huge fan of pho, though! It's even better than Western-style chicken noodle soup when you're sick. 🙂

  8. Love love love pho. like totally obsessed. We have a few great pho places in LA- but I'm sure it would taste better in Vietnam!

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